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11 Frequent Sanskrit Phrases in Yoga and Their Which means

Sanskrit is essentially the most historical language on the earth, also known as the “Mom of all languages.” It holds a prestigious place among the many 22 official languages of India and is akin to the traditional Latin and Greek languages.

Most Hindu scriptures are written in Sanskrit, making it important to grasp the language. Sanskrit, which is over 3500 years previous, was as soon as thought-about a standing image and a mark of class in historical instances.

The importance of Sanskrit in yoga is clear, as most yoga asanas are named in Sanskrit. Moreover, many fashionable Indian languages are both instantly derived from or influenced by Sanskrit. To grasp topics like Ayurveda, Yoga, Astrology, or to learn any of the 4 Vedas and different Hindu scriptures, a transparent understanding of Sanskrit is critical.

Past Hinduism, Sanskrit can also be the philosophical language of Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, with some texts in these religions written in Sanskrit. Lastly, the common sound “OM,” utilized by yogis, meditators, non secular gurus, and seers to loosen up the thoughts and hook up with greater realms, is itself a Sanskrit phrase.

Origin of Sanskrit

The oldest type of Sanskrit, Vedic Sanskrit, is the language wherein the 4 Vedas of the Hindu faith have been written and compiled. The compilation is alleged to have taken place someplace between 1700-1200 BCE and the language is believed to belong to the Indo-Aryan household.

The fundamental Vedas are Rig Veda, Sam Veda, Yajur Vedia, and Atharva Veda which comprise hymns, incantations, philosophies, and steering for Vedic clergymen. It’s believed that these Vedas are a direct revelation to the seers of the Aryan folks. 

Round 1000 BCE, the Vedic Sanskrit started its transformational part from the primary language to the second language that was meant for faith and studying. Throughout 500 BCE, historical scholar “Panini” labored on grammar which gave delivery to Traditional Sanskrit. That is the language wherein among the most well-known dramas, poems, and epics have been written. The classical Sanskrit is the Sanskrit we see and know right now.

Sanskrit Alphabets, Grammar, and Vocabulary

Sanskrit has 46 alphabets in its vocabulary which is written in Devanagari script. It’s the identical script wherein most Indian languages are and is written from left to proper. The vowels are nasalized and the vowel size makes the distinction within the phrase that means. Nonetheless, the variety of consonants is debatable but it’s stated that the stock is sort of giant. 

The Sanskrit language makes use of prefixes, suffixes, infixes, and reduplication to kind the phrases. Sanskrit grammar consists of three nouns – single, twin, and plural whereas the verbs are broadly categorised into 2 teams – thematic and athematic. So when a Sanskrit sentence is shaped, the verb is often positioned on the finish, nevertheless, there may be sure exceptions to this. 

Relation of Sanskrit and Yoga

Identical to Sanskrit, yoga can also be an historical apply, the point out of which is present in historical Hindu scriptures. And because the scriptures have additionally been written in Sanskrit, the yoga asanas and strategies have to be additionally in the identical language. Furthermore, the teachings and information have been handed on from the trainer to the scholar in the identical language, therefore it is usually a type of retaining a practice alive.

One other issue is that sure Sanskrit sounds have therapeutic results. The commonest phrase, OM, is chanted to realize the advantages of the vibrational frequency of the letters ‘a’, ‘u’, and ‘m’. Additionally it is stated that the vibration of this phrase represents the sound of the complete universe. 

Lastly, utilizing Sanskrit phrases in yoga gives readability and maintains the that means of a phrase, which can be misplaced in translation. 

11 Frequent Sanskrit phrases utilized in Yoga

Although there’s a multitude of phrases that can be utilized with yoga, the beneath 11 Sanskrit phrases are used generally in yoga periods.

1. Yoga Usually pronounced as ‘yo-gaa’, it’s derived from the Sanskrit phrase ‘yuj’ which suggests to ‘unite’ or ‘to affix’. Surprisingly, this phrase doesn’t have a direct English title, like another Sanskrit phrases. When working towards yoga, you’re searching for to unite your thoughts, physique, and spirit and likewise a union between self and Divine.

2. AsanaIt’s pronounced as ‘aah-sa-nah’ and it means pose or seat. This phrase is the most typical because it comes within the names of virtually all of the yoga pose names. Each scholar and yoga practitioner will come throughout this phrase in every yoga session. It’s a most vital a part of hatha yoga and entails numerous bodily motion.

3. Namaste Pronounced as ‘na-ma-sthey’, it’s the widespread type of greeting within the Hindu faith. The Sanskrit translation of the phrase is ‘I bow to you’, nevertheless, when it comes to yoga, it will possibly additionally imply ‘the divine mild inside me bows to the divine mild inside you’. It’s fairly actually the Indian model of claiming ‘howdy’ or ‘hello’.

4. OM One other widespread phrase, used as a chant is OM and is pronounced as ‘ohhmmm’. In accordance with the Hindu custom, this phrase is the unique sound and the sound that’s the creator of different sounds of the universe. You’ll typically discover this phrase on the partitions of the yoga or meditation studios, within the properties of most Hindu households, and even in eating places.

5. Prana The life pressure current in every of us is pronounced as ‘praa-nah’. The Sanskrit that means of prana is ‘breath’ and it flows in all dwelling beings. This idea is current in nearly all of the cultures of the world akin to Ki in Japanese, Holy Trinity in Christianity, Chi in Chinese language, and many others.

6. Bandha It’s pronounced as ‘bahn-da’ and it means a ‘tight lock’. The bandha is a approach to constrain the move of prana by way of constriction of the muscle groups and inner focus. It’s typically used throughout pranayama and chakra yogas to keep up the move of power. Some widespread bandhas are Mula Bandha for Root Chakra, Uddiyana Bandha for Photo voltaic Plexus Chakra, and Jalandhara Bandha for the Throat Chakra. 

7. Dhyana The phrase is pronounced as ‘theeaa-nah’. The literal translation is ‘focus’ and it’s a type of enjoyable meditation that’s typically used as a warm-up earlier than a yoga session. The Dhyana can also be the seventh limb of Patanjali’s eight limbs of yoga. 

8. Chakra The pronunciation of this phrase is ‘chuck-rah’. In Sanskrit, chakra interprets to ‘wheel’ and within the perspective of yoga, they’re spinning wheels of power which can be current alongside the backbone. Every chakra spins clockwise and has a particular emotion, shade, and aspect hooked up to it. Varied yoga asanas are directed to maintain the chakras in steadiness or activate them. 

9. Mudra It’s a symbolic hand gesture and is pronounced as ‘mooh-druh’. These hand gestures are a necessary a part of yoga as they assist in regulating the prana and properly regulating your doshas.

10. Mantra It’s pronounced as ‘mun-truh’ which suggests phrases or group of Sanskrit phrases which have non secular significance and resonance. These Sanskrit sounds have a profound impact on the thoughts throughout meditation or yoga. OM is the most typical of all of the mantra that’s chanted earlier than, throughout, or after the yoga or meditation periods.

11. Guru – the phrase is pronounced as ‘goo-roo’ which suggests a trainer. If we break up the phrase, ‘Gu’ means remover and ‘Ru’ means ignorance or darkness. Therefore a guru is a discovered one that helps you take away your ignorance by imparting divine information. That is why yoga academics are referred to as gurus as they’re serving to you attain your bodily and psychological well-being.

Sanskrit Glossary of Yoga

1. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with A 

Abhyasa (ah-bee-yah-sah) – repetition or fixed apply. Willful and focuses non secular apply. 

Adho (ah-doh) – downward. The time period is utilized in a yoga asana Adho Mukha Svanasana or Downward-facing Canine pose

Ahimsa (ah-himn-saa) – nonviolence or non-harming. The termed was embodied by Mahatma Gandhi

Ananda (ah-nun-dah) – the best state of being or bliss.

Ashram (ah-shrum) – a yoga college or hermitage

Ashtanga (ush-tun-ga) – eight-limbed yoga. The eight-limbed path as described by Patanjali in Yoga Sutra. Additionally, Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga is an athletic a part of hatha yoga. 

Ayurveda (ayoor-ved-ah) – the science of life. In right now’s context, it’s a holistic type of drugs involving vegetation which have minimal unintended effects.

2. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with B

Balak (baa-luck) – boy or a male pupil

Bhagavad Gita (bhug-vud-gee-taa) – an historical e-book which particulars about yoga, that is part of the well-known Hindu epic Mahabharata.

Bhagavan (bhug-va-nuh) – the Lord, Creator  

Bhakti (bhak-tee) – cultivating love and devotion to the divine with out query.   

Bija (bee-juh) – seed. Supply. The bija mantras are core sounds with non secular energy. OM is one such generally used bija mantra. 

Brahma Nadi (bruh-muh-nuh-dee) – an brisk channel alongside the backbone that’s associated to connecting the human experiences with common consciousness.

Buddhi (bood-hee) – the seat of knowledge. The very best type of thoughts. 

3. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with C

Chandra (chun-drah) – the moon

Chaitanya (chey-tun-yuh) – absolute consciousness 

Chaturanga (chat-u-run-ga) – the yogic plank pose

Chinta (chin-tah) – fear

Chiranjivi (chi-run-jee-vi) – an individual who has gained immortality

Chit (chih-tuh) – the acutely aware frame of mind. Emotional and feeling part of the thoughts  

4. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with D

Dana (daan) – charity, the facet of selfless giving

Dasa (daas) – servant or slave

Devanagari (they-vuh-naa-giri) – the left to proper script of sanskrit and different Indian languages.

Dharma (dhur-mah) – the aim and path of life that can result in peace, fact and enlightenment  

Drishti (drish-tee) – a focus to set your gaze and improve focus and focus throughout yoga apply. Additionally it is the divine imaginative and prescient.

Dukha (du-khuh) – the sensation of disappointment, grief 

5. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with E

Eka (eh-kuh) – to indicate no 1 in Sanskrit. Additionally utilized in many yoga poses akin to Eka Pada Rajakapotasana, or One Leg Pigeon Pose.

Ekanta (eh-kaan-tuh) – seclusion or solitude

Ekata (ehk-tuh) – oneness or homogeneity 

6. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with G

Gagana (guh-gun) – the sky 

Ganapati (gun-uh-puh-ti) – a Hindu God that bestows success 

Graha (gruhuh) – planets 

Granthi (grun-thee) – tie or knot. One of many 3 blockages within the central power move which hampers the trail of enlightenment in tantra yoga.

Guni (goo-nee) – an individual with qualities

7. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with H

Halasana (hul-ah-suh-nuh) – a yoga asana that imitates a plough (hala) 

Hanuman (huh-noo-maan) – a robust monkey god who’s a Lord Rama devotee. He helped Lord Rama struggle the Ravana.

Hasta (hus-tuh) – hand or arm. Hasta mudras are hand gestures which can be used throughout yoga and meditation

Hatha (huh-tuh) – forceful path. yoga carried out to steadiness the solar and moon power

Hridaya (hree-duyah) – the center

8. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with I 

Iccha (ich-chah) – need or want

Idanadi (ee-dah-nuh-dee) –  the power channel to the left of Brahma Nadi that connects the foundation chakra to the left nostril

Indra (in-druh) – a Hindu god of rain and ruler of heaven. The phrase can even imply thoughts or soul.  

Itihasa (ee-tee-ha-suh) – historical past, epic akin to Mahabharat or Ramayana

Iyengar (eye-yen-gur) – a preferred yoga fashion that makes use of props like ropes, blankets, blocks and belts. It emphasised element, precision and alignment of asanas 

9. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with J 

Japa (jup-uh) – repetitive chanting of mantras or prayers. A approach to practice the thoughts to pay attention and never have stray ideas. It’s typically accomplished with beads.

Janma (jun-muh) – delivery, coming into being 

Jati (jaa-tee) – class, species 

Jiva (jee-vuh) – particular person soul

Jnana (juh-naa-nuh) – a yogic path to non secular knowledge and information

Jyoti (ji-yo-tee) – mild, illumination, luminosity 

10. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with Ok 

Karma (kur-mah) – the regulation of trigger and impact. We’re solely accountable for our actions and the consequences we face.

Kirtan (keer-tun) – a devotional singing, chanting of hymns and mantras in a gathering

Kosha (ko-shuh) – a masking of the soul or sheath 

Kriya (kree-yah) – bodily motion. Explicit set of workouts in hatha yoga. 

Kumbhaka (koom-bha-kah) – the holding of breath throughout pranayam

Kundalini (kun-duh-lee-nee) – the coiled power on the root chakra that rises on awakening  

11. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with L 

Lajja (luj-jah) – disgrace or shyness

Lakshya (luck-shyuh) – purpose, goal, focus level 

Lila (lee-laa) – the divine play

Linga (lin-guh) – gender, image, signal

Lobha (low-bhuh) – greed

12. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with M

Mahan (maa-haan) – the nice

Maharaj (maa-haa-raa-juh) – king

Mala (maa-laa) – rosary. Beads used for japa.

Manas (maa-nus) – the rational thoughts that processes senses and fundamental info.

Mandala (mun-daa-laa) – a geometrical round design that represents the cosmos. Generally utilized in meditation  

Maya (maa-yaa) – an phantasm, the delusion of the thoughts to the worldly powers

Moksha (mok-shuh) – ultimate enlightenment, the final word releasing of soul

13. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with N

Nabhi (naa-bhee) – navel 

Nadi (nah-dee) – the channel of power pressure within the physique, psychic present 

Nidra (nid-raa) – sleep, in a deep sleep state 

Nirodhah (nee-rodh) – self-discipline, restriction, taming

Nirvana (neer-vaa-nuh) – liberation   

Niyama (nee-yum) – the second limb of Patanjali’s eight-limbed yoga. It’s a set of practices or guidelines that takes us on the trail of self-purification.

Nritya (nree-tyuh) – dance, the dance of Lord Shiva is named Tandav Nritya. 

14. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with O 

Ojas (oh-jus) – non secular power or vigour 

Omkara (om-kaa-ruh) – similar to Om, it symbolises the sound on the creation of universe

15. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with P

Pada (puh-duh) – foot or leg

Patanjali (puh-tun-juh-lee) – an historical Indian seer, thinker and sage who compiled the Yoga Sutra.

Prakriti (pruh-kri-tee) – nature, primal nature of a being 

Prajna (pruhg-nuh) – the best consciousness and consciousness

Pranayam (prah-nah-yah-muh) – the acutely aware managed route of respiration. Additionally it is a typical yoga apply.

Pratyahara (pruh-tyuh-huh-ruh) – withdrawal from the bodily senses throughout meditation

Purna (poo-rnuh) – absolute, full, full 

16. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with R

Rachnatmak (ruch-naa-tuh-muck) – nice creativity, skill to think about, revolutionary and create authentic concepts

Rakta (ruk-tuh) – blood 

Ratna (rut-nuh) – jewel, gem 

Rishi (ree-shee) – seer, the one who seeks the reality

Rudraksh (roo-drak-shuh) – actually interprets to Eye of Shiva. They’re seeds of berries which can be stated to be holy and are worn as beads in arms, neck and used as japa mala.

17. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with S 

Samadhi (sum-ah-dee) – the best purpose of the unitive state with the divine by way of meditation.  

Sanskar (suns-kaar) – the developed habits or unconscious impressions which were discovered from ancestors and private expertise

Satya (sut-yuh) – the reality, actuality

Savasana (shuv-ah-suh-nah) – the corpse pose. The ultimate rest pose in a yoga or meditation class the place you lie flat on the bottom

Shakti (shuck-tee) – the female divine power. energy, pressure, power

Shanti (shaan-tee) – peace, calm. A standard mantra chanted in yoga or meditation periods

Surya namaskar (soo-ryuh-nuh-mus-kaa-ruh) – the solar salutation. An intense yoga apply with a number of yoga asanas which can be carried out in a move.

18. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with T

Tapa (tuh-puh) – warmth constructing, depth created by intense self-discipline and austerity.

Tantra (tun-tuh-raa) – a yoga sort that focuses on the energetic aspect of yoga with stress upon japa of mantra and chakras  

Tattva (tuht-vuh) – aspect, precept, essence

Tivra (tee-vruh) – intense, sharp, eager

Trataka (traa-tuh-kah) – regular gaze. An open eye type of meditation the place you stare upon some extent or candle flame with out blinking to enhance non secular imaginative and prescient.

Tulsi (tul-see) – the Indian Holy Basil.

Tyaga (tee-yah-guh) – sacrifice, renunciation  

19. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with U 

Ujjayi (ooj-juh-ee) – victorious respiration. One of many widespread pranayama strategies 

Upanishad (oop-nee-shud) – the portion of Vedas that imparts non secular information, final realization and fact. 

Upasana (oo-paa-suh-nah) – actually means to take a seat close to. Additionally means devotion to God

Utthita (oo-tee-thah) – prolonged. Refers to asanas the place you prolong or stretch your physique past the common variation  

20. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with V 

Vairagya (vai-raa-gyuh) – the yogic apply of detachment and renunciation of worldly issues 

Vata (vuh-tuh) – one of many three doshas or constitutions of the physique that’s associated to the aspect of air.

Vayu (vaa-yoo) – wind, air, very important breath 

Vedas (vey-dahs) – the oldest hindu scriptures which have particulars relating to yoga, chakras, doshas, and many others. they’re 4 predominant vedas, Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda. 

Vidya (vee-dyah) – information

Vinyasa (vin-yaa-suh) – the sequence of two or extra asanas which can be carried out in a fluid movement and synchronized respiration strategies. The commonest vinyasa is the Solar Salutation.

Viveka (vee-vey-kah) – clear sight

21. Sanskrit Phrases Beginning with Y 

Yamas (yah-mah) – the rules or set of practices that allow us apply ethical restraint in the direction of liberation.  

Yantra (yun-truh) – a geometrical design to invoke non secular awakening

Yatra (yaa-trah) – journey, pilgrimage

Yoni (yo-nee) – womb, supply, feminine organ of technology. The yoni mudra helps us obtain a calmness of thoughts and detachment from the chaos of the outer world. Yuga (yoo-guh) – the division of time within the Hindu faith. As per the Hindu faith there are 4 yugas- Krita, Treta, Dvapara and Kali. Ranging from the first yuga, every yuga’s size is decreased by 1/4th. The period of all of the yugas are 12000 divine years and every yuga is split into 360 human years. The proportion of every yuga may be divided into 4:3:2:1.

Last Thought

Sanskrit is a language that’s tough to study as a result of particular phonetics, nevertheless, studying any completely different language wants endurance. In case you are profitable, you’ll perceive the that means of every phrase that you’re utilizing recurrently and likewise be capable of expertise a way of readability. 

It should appear as in case you are on a non secular journey and can help your understanding of the tradition. And who is aware of, that when you get a dangle of the language, you might be able to perceive the underlying that means of every yoga asana on the next stage!

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